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Meet aerogel, the world’s lightest and toughest material, composed of a whopping 99.8% air. This synthetic, porous, ultralight solid boasts an exceptionally low density and minimal thermal conductivity. It’s created by replacing the liquid component of a gel with a gas, resulting in a solid with a texture akin to polystyrene foam.

Aerogel is a material that is continually developing with the testing of various chemical compounds for surface treatments. Its thermal conductivity is incredibly low, even lower than the gas it contains, which makes it an exceptional thermal and acoustic insulator. Due to these properties, it is widely used in industrial-scale insulation. Aerogel is an environmentally friendly, effective, water-repellent, and non-flammable solution for building cladding.

Thanks to its high adaptability and moldability, aerogel opens doors to more creative and efficient architectural design. It’s being incorporated into solar panels and lighting systems, as well as infrastructure construction.

The big challenge for aerogel lies in the future of construction, where it could be used to create lightweight and efficient structures. Aerogel has the potential to serve as a self-supporting alternative or be used in conjunction with other materials for basic structural components such as partitions, panel walls, and construction furniture.


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